The Minister of Oil said: The total value of Iran’s petrochemical production before and after the revolution did not reach one billion dollars a year until 1976. This amount reached nearly 11 billion dollars in 1992, which will reach 25 billion dollars in 1400 and 37 billion dollars in 1404 with the next rise.
According to NIPNA, quoting Shana, Bijan Zanganeh on Wednesday evening (August 19) in a special news talk show on Channel 2, which was held on the eve of the government week, asked the host about the optimal policy towards oil and gas production in a situation where some predictions “The world is talking about the end of the oil age in the not-too-distant future,” he said. The age of oil does not end when oil runs out in the world, but when technology offers economic alternatives to a better environment instead of oil.
He added: “I say my look because the country has not yet context a conclusion in this regard; We must do our best to produce oil faster; But on the condition that we do not expense money on the budget, because if we are going to expense the oil money on the budget and make money in return, whether it is development or current, it means making the people miserable. We have to produce oil and allocate its revenue to the National Development Fund so that it can use its reserves to develop projects such as petrochemicals, petroleum refineries and other industries.
Minister of Oil stated that If we do not produce oil today, maybe one day we will need to get international permission to sell oil (in terms of the environment),” he said. “The same goes for gas; We must also produce the maximum amount of gas, because the institutionalization of alternative energies is not going to take a hundred years.
Zanganeh explained: “Look at how much the price of solar cells has decreased in the last 10 years. The UAE has already signed a contract according to which the cost of producing each kilowatt hour of electricity from solar energy will be 2.5 cents; That is, almost free. The development of technology is increasing day by day and we may reach a point where oil can no longer compete with new energies.
He answered in the affirmative to the question that in your opinion, oil and gas are likely to be buried in many oil-rich countries, and said: “We should not think that the later we consume oil and gas, the more expensive it will be and the better, no one can say that.”
“The pride of the gas and petrochemical industries is forever in the name of the Islamic Republic”
Regarding the development of the petrochemical industry and new steps in this industry, he stated: Petrochemical is one of the proud parts of the Islamic Republic, the Islamic Republic has had two tasks that are specific to this system and its honor is forever in the name of the Islamic Republic; Gas industry and petrochemical industry.
Zanganeh pointed out that before the victory of the revolution, we did not have a name as a gas industry. There was a gas pipeline that transported Iranian gas to Russia and some gas diversion was created in the country, he said: “Currently, Iranian gas is unique in terms of coverage, production and speed of development in the world.” In March of last year, we reached the production of one thousand million cubic meters per day, which was a historical record for Iran.
“If it were not for petrochemicals, we could hardly get through the embargo”
The Minister of Oil stated that a new petrochemical industry was established in 1976 based on the products received from gas refineries, associated gas and some refineries. He continued: The total value of Iran’s petrochemical production before and after the revolution until 1976. You would not reach $ 1 billion a year. This amount reached nearly 11 billion dollars in 1992, which will reach 25 billion dollars in 1400 and 37 billion dollars in 1404 with the next rise.
Zanganeh pointed out that if we did not have the petrochemical industry today, we could hardly pass the sanctions, he said: Petrochemical industry is one of the pillars of our work in the sanctions to meet the country’s currency and needs and one of the examples to prevent the sale of raw materials and Value chain.
He pointed to the supply of ۵٫۸ $ billion worth of food and products by petrochemicals to the country and said: “It is very important that these products become the next chains and this process can be developed, although legally we are not responsible for its development.” And it is the duty of the Ministry of Industry, Mines and Trade (Samat), but we also do everything we can to develop this industry because right now our producers are interested in marketing their products.
Zanganeh continued: “Currently, the country’s refineries also deliver about ۵ $ billion in feed downstream, which is very important in terms of preventing the sale of raw materials and completing the value chain in the country, but this process must continue and be completed.”
“Increasing the production capacity of joint oil fields”
In another part of his speech, the Minister of Oil described the production and development situation in the joint oil and gas fields and said: “Our most important joint oil fields in terms of volume and importance of reserves are located in the west of Karun River.” Our daily production capacity in these fields in 1992 was about 70,000 barrels, which has now reached about 400,000 barrels; That means an increase of about 6 times in seven years.
Zanganeh, stating that during this period only about 150 wells have been drilled in South Azadegan field, continued: the daily oil production capacity of Azar joint field will soon reach 60,000 barrels and we will officially announce it, the contract for the development of November and November fields. Paydar Gharb has also been signed, the contract for Forouzan and Resalat fields has also been signed in recent days in the form of EPC (plan to maintain and increase oil production capacity).
He expressed hope that in the future, the daily oil extraction capacity from the fields west of Karun will reach more than one million barrels, he said: In this context, the recovery factor is very important because in this region due to special geological location and fluid type, recovery factor It is low and currently the Petroleum Institute of the University of Tehran is specifically studying the Azadegan field in order to find ways to increase the oil recovery factor in this field. The results of the studies of this collection show that a 10% increase in the recycling rate of the freedmen is possible.
“Drilling of the first phase well 11 in the fall of this year “
The Minister of Oil in the gas sector also referred to the South Pars field as the largest joint gas field in the world and Iran and specified: the daily production capacity of this field in 1992 was about 280 million cubic meters, which now increased by about 2.5 times to nearly 700 Reached one million cubic meters per day. During this period, 26 exploitation platforms, 228 wells, 2160 km of offshore pipelines and 30 refining rows have been created, which these indicators (showing the table) have significantly increased compared to previous periods. All these actions are due to the efforts of our colleagues in South Pars together with the contractors and a total of about 20,000 workers who have been working in that area.
Zanganeh referred to the development plan of phase 11 of South Pars and reminded of the withdrawal of Total France and China CCP (International Branch of China National Oil Company) from this plan and the transfer of all work to the Iranian company, Petropars, continued: Petropars is located in Autumn will dig the first well and we hope to transfer the gas of this phase to land within a year. The contract for the development of Farzad gas field will also be signed this year.
“Corona did not stop refueling”
The Minister of Oil pointed to the difficulty of working in the operational areas of the oil industry, including Assaluyeh, especially in the summer, and said: “Imagine a welder wearing a tarpaulin and completely covering his head with a hat and a mask in an area with it. High heat is working, what does hard work do. I have to thank the workers and staff.
Zanganeh added: “Except for a limited period of time when some projects were shut down to prevent the spread of the coronavirus, our colleagues were on duty all the time so that the fuel supply to the whole country would not be interrupted and they should be appreciated in this regard.
“We must be ready for after the sanctions”
In response to a question about the possibility of fluid migration in common fields, the did Minister of Oil not rule out this possibility and pointed out two points: In some common fields, the area of the field on the opposite side is much larger than ours and sometimes only a part. There is a small square on the Iranian side. At the same time, it should be noted that despite the sanctions, in which no one is willing to work with us, great work has been done in various sectors of the oil industry and good capacities have been created oil minister.
In response to another question about the ministry of Oil’s preparations to protect the fields during the reduction of production, Zanganeh explained: “In recent days, we have signed a series of contracts worth 1.5 billion euros to maintain and increase oil production capacity of the fields in operation.” . We have already signed a contract worth more than 700 million euros in this field, which was our goal. If we think the sanctions are permanent, we should not do anything and we should be content with the existing capacities, but if we believe that the sanctions are deadly. And we are sustainable, we must prepare for the post-sanctions period; As last time, in less than three months, we have returned production to maximum capacity.
“All the winners of Total tenders were Iranian companies”
The Minister of Oil stated that another advantage of signing contracts for maintaining and increasing oil production capacity is creating jobs, employment and hope in the oil industry, and continued by stating that 80% of the equipment required for these contracts will be supplied from inside the country and ordered by domestic factories. : 400 people are working directly on a rig; That means 40,000 people per 100 rigs; That means 200,000 people, including their families. How should the livelihood of this number of employees be ensured with the closure of development projects?
Referring to the significant progress of the oil industry, Zanganeh said: “There is no going back. The oil industry, both in terms of management, services and equipment manufacturing, is not comparable to 20 years ago. At that time we could not do one meter of offshore piping and now we can pipet one kilometer into the sea in one day. Today we can build the most complex oil rigs in the country. When Total held the Phase 11 tenders, all the winners were Iranian companies, but due to Trump’s malice, those contracts with Iranian companies were not enforced.
“The argest oil and gas processing facility on the verge of operation”
The largest oil and gas processing facilities on the eve of exploitation of oil The Minister of Oil in another part of his speech, explained about the plans for oil gas collection and said: The operation of the largest oil collection and processing facilities in Khuzestan province, namely the Persian Gulf Bidboland gas refinery Behbahan has started. $ 3 billion has been spent to build the refinery, and it can receive about 2 billion cubic feet of gas, equivalent to the two phases of South Pars, daily, sweeten, separate and feed petrochemicals.
According to Zanganeh, the 12,200, 1,300, 900 and 1,000 engine gases, in addition to the bulk of the accompanying oil gases that are burning in eastern Karun, will enter these facilities, and another part of eastern Karun gases will be imported under a contract signed with Karun Petrochemical. Has been, goes to the facilities of that complex. In western Karun, the 3200 engine will finally be operational early next year, with gas from western Karun going to the plant’s facilities and from there to Bandaramam.
He added: “Another project is unit 3100 in Dehloran, which supplies Dehloran petrochemical feed and will be completed in 1401, except for Khark and a small amount of gas in Masjed-e-Soliman, which will be turned into a petro-refinery in Masjed-e-Soliman itself at the request of the department.” We have privatized, we no longer have burning gas. The total capital of these works is about $ 7 billion.
“Oil market and the corona government”
Asked about the forecast for the oil market due to the Corona virus and the global economic downturn, the oil minister said: “The situation in the oil market has not improved yet, but with the action taken by OPEC (Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries), which I think was an important step.” Brent crude is now above $ 45 a barrel, which is not in jeopardy.
Zanganeh noted that oil prices have now risen by more than $ 30 compared to May and that the continuation of this trend depends on economic conditions. “OPEC reports indicate that economic growth in countries other than China is negative and still negative,” he said. This prediction has not changed given the circumstances of the corona outbreak, meaning that the government is still in the hands of the corona.
To the question that it is said that the United States wants to stop cooperating in the export of our petroleum products to Venezuela, and has already seized a shipment, under these circumstances, will we still continue this cooperation? He stated: Our cargo was not confiscated. The shipment belonged to Venezuela, we sold it as FOB.
The oil minister added: “The United States wanted to announce its success with this news and say that we hit Iran, as if they need it very much.” Anyway, it is a war and both sides are working against each other. And the disgusting and the deceitful of God and God is the good of the deceitful.
“Iran; It is the largest exporter of gasoline in the region”
Zanganeh pointed out that Iran’s daily gasoline production capacity has increased from 56 million liters at the beginning of this government to the current figure of 107 million liters per day. “At the beginning of this government, Iran was one of the largest importers of gasoline and diesel and one of the US threats This was to prevent the import of gasoline to Iran; Iran currently exports both gasoline and diesel, and evidence shows that Iran is the largest exporter of gasoline in the region.
“jump4 fold in exports of petroleum products”
The Minister of Oil pointed to a fourfold jump in the export of petroleum products and added: the amount of annual exports of products from about 5.8 to 5.9 million tons in 1991 to nearly 23 million tons, which increased the capacity of refineries and the development of gas industry and gas replacement to Product location has been one of the effective measures to increase product exports.
Zanganeh stressed that the replacement of gas with products had a high environmental impact, adding that most of the country’s industries now use natural gas instead of fuel oil and liquid fuels. Even in cities, cyanide (compressed natural gas) has developed significantly and the ratio of gas consumption to liquid fuels in power plants has reached nearly 90%, while in the past this figure was very low.
“۹۴% of Iran’s population is covered by natural gas”
The Minister of Oil pointed out that in this government, about 17,000 villages have been supplied with gas, while this figure was 14,000 in 1992, he continued: Currently, more than 84% of the rural population and 99% of the urban population enjoy the blessings of gas. In total, more than 94% of Iran’s population currently uses natural gas.
Zanganeh, stating that the development of gas supply is a major environmental movement, the effects of which will be visible in terms of vegetation and environment in the coming years, said: all costs 22 to 23 thousand billion tomans in Iran and equipment and manpower as Complete Iranian is used. There was good coordination between the Islamic Consultative Assembly and the government in the form of paragraph “a” of a 1993 budget note, which was later amended to Article 12 of the Law on the Elimination of Barriers to Production, which led to public satisfaction, job creation and economic growth.
“Creating a movement to optimize energy consumption in the country”
Pointing out that the process of optimizing energy consumption is very employment-generating and economical, the Minister of Oil clarified: “We must create a movement to optimize energy consumption in the domestic and industrial sectors with the cooperation of the Islamic Consultative Assembly.”
Zanganeh pointed to the preparation of fuel and transportation documents for the country and gas consumption in the Ministry of Oil and said: “In these documents, the principle of maximum optimization has been laid, which has also been sent to the Supreme Energy Council for approval.” Some of these things we can do in this government and some of them will be transferred to the next government, we will make a strong case to summarize our experiences and transfer them to the next government so that it can use it or, if there is a correction, do it. Give; A valid and documented document with bachelor’s degrees is in the possession of the next government.
“Modification of bitumen purification process”
The Minister of Petroleum replied about the political economy of Taher, which was not in the budget for one or two years and was included in the budget at the same time as the new parliament: The Guardians took the forms of the constitution and returned them, they did not have the opportunity and removed this clause so that the budget could be announced sooner.
Zanganeh, in response to the fact that the issue of bitumen purification seems to be an interesting issue, stated: “It is something that the esteemed members of parliament think will satisfy the people in the villages and small towns in these conditions, but there are points that I hope will be reformed It is not.
“I am ready to answer”
The Minister of Oil explained about the question about the relationship between the Minister of Oil and the parliament and the letter of some representatives to the heads of the three branches: “Our relationship with the parliament should be good.” Some esteemed members of parliament have complained about the performance of the Minister of Oil in a letter to the heads of the three branches. I also wrote a letter to the president today and announced that the service of the heads of the three branches Both sides are heard and judged. Some of these points may be explained by the gentlemen in the media, and I will explain.
“The property owner has no role in privatization”
The Minister of Oil, in response to the supply of refinery shares in the form of the ETF fund and its impact on the capital market, stated: The capital market is naturally high and low and market fluctuations are not related to this issue. The argument was to offer it as an ETF or blockchain. Parliament has authorized the establishment of the ETF Fund, and the law has not required the Ministry of Oil to do so. The Ministry of Oil is not responsible for privatization and the custodian of privatization is clear. The appellant has almost no role in the privatization and only has to issue stock documents for sale based on any order given.
Zanganeh continued: “After deciding to form an ETF fund, I gave the order and I hope the work will be completed and created by the first of next week and the rest of the issues will proceed according to schedule.”
“۱٫۵ million barrels of oil and gas condensate demand for petroleum refineries”
In response to the fact that the law and executive regulations for the construction of petro-refinery projects have been approved, but is the reason for the slowdown in the process of financing, he said: no. The funding process is not slow, the Ministry of Petroleum gave the regulations to the government even earlier and the government approved it quickly, which we later announced, food respiration is seen as an important advantage in this law, so that if someone refinery or The petro-refinery will be built with a permit obtained in accordance with this law, after which it will be able to pay the cost of feed after all the expenses incurred, and this money is a constructive debt to the National Development Fund, which will be paid within a few years.
Zanganeh pointed out that after the announcement of the Ministry of Petroleum, the qualifications of the applicant companies were examined in accordance with the regulations, he continued: Has been economic; One million and 220 thousand barrels are related to crude oil and 240 thousand barrels are related to gas condensate.
The Minister of Oil, in response to the fact that you can give time to do this, explained: We do not have a problem and our work is over. The point is that the board of trustees of the National Development Fund must notify us of the timing of the commitments it can accept in accordance with the executive regulations, on the basis of which we will issue the permits; Lavan petroleum refinery project with 120,000 barrels of oil, Ghadir investment with 300,000 barrels, Shestan with 300,000 barrels, Parsian Tadbir refinery, Makran pearl, Jask port with 300,000 barrels and a private sector with 200,000 barrels were among the applicants.
“Critics respect the efforts of oil industry workers”
The Minister of Oil emphasized that for all these things that we have done, we do not owe anything to anyone, but we are also responsible to the people: But my colleagues do not expect to be humiliated and said that they have not done anything. I can be told, but I ask the critics to respect the efforts of the employees of the oil industry.